Literatuurlijst – wetenschappelijk onderzoek – internet

Links naar studies en wetenschappelijk onderzoek i.v.m. BD(SM) en kinky seks. Deze lijst heeft niet de pretentie volledig te zijn, maar wordt continu bijgewerkt. (Alle links waren doorklikbaar toen ze hier opgenomen werden.)

VOOR 2000:

– Weinberg T.S. (1978) –¬†Sadism and masochism: sociological perspectives.

– Breslow N., Evans L. Langley J. (1985)¬†–¬†On the prevalence and roles of females in the sadomasochistic subculture: report of an empirical study.

РMoser, C., and Levitt, E. (1987).  An exploratory-descriptive study of a sadomasochistically oriented sample.  Journal of Sex Research, 23(3), 322-337

– Kernberg O.F. (1991) – Sadomasochism, sexual excitement, and perversion.

– Simon W. (1994) – Deviance as history: the future of perversion.

 Ernulf K.E., Innala S.M.  (1995) Р Sexual bondage: a review and unobtrusive investigation. 

– Furnham, A. (1998) – Lay theories of etiology and ?cure? for four types of paraphilia: Fetishism; pedophilia; sexual sadism; and voyeurism.

2000 tot 2005:

– Gabbard G.O. (2001) – Cyberpassion: E-rotic transference on the Internet.

–¬†Alison L., Santtila P., Sandnabba N.K., Nordling N. (2001) –¬†Sadomasochistically oriented behavior: diversity in practice and meaning.

–¬†Santilla P., Sandnabba N.K., Alison L, Nordling N. (2002) –¬†Investigating the underlying structure in sadomasochistically oriented behavior.¬†

РRichters J., Grulich A.E., de Visser R.O., Smith C.E., Rissel C.E.  (2003) РSex in Australia: homosexual experience and recent homosexual encounters.

РLangström N., Zucker K.J. (2005) РTransvestic fetishism in the general population: prevalence and correlates.


– Cross P.A., Matheson K. (2006) – Understanding sadomasochism: an empirical examination of four perspectives.

– Dancer P.L., Kleinplatz P.J., Moser C. (2006) – 24/7 SM slavery.

– Klein M., Moser C. (2006) – S/M (sadomasochistic) interests as an issue in a child custody proceeding.

– Kolmes K., Stock W., Moser C. (2006) – Investigating bias in psychotherapy with BDSM clients.

– Nichols M. (2006) – Psychotherapeutic issues with “kinky” clients: clinical problems, yours and theirs.

– Ridinger R.B. (2006) – Negotiating limits: the legal status of S/M in the United States.

– Wright S. (2006) – Discrimination of SM-identified individuals.

– Jozifkova E., Flegr J. (2006)¬†–¬†Dominance, submissivity (and homosexuality) in general population: testing of evolutionary hypothesis of sadomasochism by Internet-trap-method.


РFedoroff J.P. (2008) Р Sadism, sadomasochism, sex, and violence.

– Lawrence A.A., Love-Crowell J. (2008) – Psychotherapists’ experience with clients who engage in consensual sadomasochism: a qualitative study.

– Richters J., de Visser R.O., Rissel C.E., Gruhlich A.E., Smith A.M. (2008) – Demographic and psychosocial features of participants in bondage and discipline, “sadomasochism” or dominance and submission (BDSM): data from a national survey.


– Sagarin B.J., Cutler B, Cutler N., Lawler-Sagarin K.A., Matuszewich L. (2009) – Hormonal changes and couple bonding in consensual sadomasochistic activity.

– Tomassilli J.C., Golub A.A., Bimbi D.S., Parsons J.T. (2009) – Behind closed doors: an exploration of kinky sexual behaviors in urban lesbian and bisexual women.

– Jozifkova E., Konvicka M. (2009)–¬†Sexual arousal by higher- and lower-ranking partner: manifestation of a mating strategy? 


Moser, C. (2011) РWhy are the paraphilias mental disorders?


– Bezreh T., Weinberg T.S., Edgar T. (2012) – BDSM Disclosure and Stigma Management: Identifying Opportunities for Sex Education.

– Jozifkova E., Bartos L., Flegr J. (2012)¬†–¬†Evolutional background of dominance/submissivity in sex and bondage: the two strategies?


– Wismeijer A.A., van Assen M.A. (2013) – Psychological characteristics of BDSM practitioners.

– Leknes S., Berna C., Lee M.C., Snyder G.D., Biele G., Tracey I. (2013) – The importance of context: when relative relief renders pain pleasant.

– De Block A., Adriaens P.R. (2013) – Pathologizing sexual deviance: a history.

– Lindemann D.J. (2013) – Health discourse and within-group stigma in professional BDSM

– Jozifkova E. (2013) – Consensual sadomasochistic sex (BDSM): the roots, the risks, and the distinctions between BDSM and violence

Kelsey K., Stiles B.L., Spiller L., & Diekhoff¬† G.M. (2013) – Assessment of therapists’ attitudes towards BDSM

РPitagora D., (2013) РConsent vs. coercion: BDSM interactions highlight a fine but immutable line


– Faccio E., Casini C., Cipollette S. (2014) – Forbidden games: the construction of sexuality and sexual pleasure by BDSM ‘players’.

–¬†Jozifkova E., Konvicka M., Flegr J. (2014) –¬†Why do some women prefer submissive men? Hierarchically disparate couples reach higher reproductive success in European urban humans.


– Pascoal P.M., Cardoso D., Henriques R. (2015) – Sexual satisfaction and distress in sexual functioning in a sample of the BDSM community: a comparison study between BDSM and non-BDSM contexts.

– Rehor J.E. (2015) – Sensual, erotic, and sexual behaviors of women from the “kink” community.

Graham B.C., Butler S.E., McGraw R., Cannes S.M., Smith J. (2015) РMember Perspectives on the Role of BDSM Communities. 

– Arrazola de Onate E. – Commerci√ęle BDSM: geregeld geweld? (2015)¬† – Masterscriptie Universiteit Gent Master of Science in de criminologische wetenschappen.¬†


– Holmberg P. (2016) – BDSM and Mental Health: The Myths and the Science. 

– Klement K.R., Lee E.M., Ambler J.K., Hanson S.A., Comber E., Wietting D., Wagner M.F., Burns V.R., Cutler B., Cutler N., Reid E., Sagarin B.J. (2016) – Extreme rituals in a BDSM context: the physiological and psychological effects of the ‘Dance of Souls’.

–¬†Roush, J.F., Brown S.L.,¬†Mitchell, S.M., ¬†Cukrowicz, K.C. (2016) –¬†Shame, Guilt, and Suicide Ideation among Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Practitioners: Examining the Role of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide.

– Williams D.j., Prior E.E., Alvarado T., Thomas J.N., Christensen M.C.. (2016) – Is Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Recreational Leisure? A Descriptive Exploratory Investigation.

–¬†Waldura, J.F., Arora, I., Randall A.M., Farala, J.P., Sprott R.A. (2016) –¬†Fifty Shades of Stigma: Exploring the Health Care Experiences of Kink-Oriented Patients. 

– Moser, C. (2016) – DSM-5 and the paraphilic disorders: conceptual issues. 

– Cutler, B. (2016) – Extreme rituals in a BDSM context: the physiological and psychological effects of the ‘Dance of Souls


–¬†Klement, K.R., Sagarin, B.J., Lee, E.M. (2017) – ¬†Participating in a Culture of Consent May Be Associated With Lower Rape-Supportive Beliefs.

¬†Yule M.A., Brotto L.A., Gorzalka B.B. (2017) –¬†Sexual Fantasy and Masturbation Among Asexual Individuals: An In-Depth Exploration.

– ¬†Ambler, J.K., Lee, E.M., Klement, K.R., Loewald, T., Comber, E.M., Hanson, S.A., Cutler, B., Cutler, N., Sagarin, B.J. (2017) –¬†Consensual BDSM Facilitates Role-Specific Altered States of Consciousness: A Preliminary Study.

–¬†Brown S.L., Roush J.F., Mitchell S.M., Cukrowicz K.C. (2017) –¬†Suicide Risk Among BDSM Practitioners: The Role of Acquired Capability for Suicide.

Roush J.F., Brown S.L., Mitchell S.M., Cukrowicz K.C. (2017) – Shame, Guilt, and Suicide Ideation among Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Practitioners: Examining the Role of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide

–¬†Weierstall R., Giebel G. (2017) –¬†The Sadomasochism Checklist: A Tool for the Assessment of Sadomasochistic Behavior.

¬†Wignall L., McCormack M. (2017) –¬†An Exploratory Study of a New Kink Activity: “Pup Play”.

–¬†Holvoet L., Huys W., Coppens V., Seeuws J., Goethals K., Morrens M. (2017) –¬†Fifty Shades of Belgian Gray: The Prevalence of BDSM-Related Fantasies and Activities in the General Population.

–¬†Martinez K. (2017) –¬†BDSM Role Fluidity: A Mixed-Methods Approach to Investigating Switches Within Dominant/Submissive Binaries.

– Simula B.L. (2017) – A “Different Economy of Bodies and Pleasures”?: Differentiating and Evaluating Sex and Sexual BDSM Experiences

Pitagora D. (2017) – No Pain, No Gain?: Therapeutic and Relational Benefits of Subspace in BDSM Contexts.


– Dunkley C.R., Brotto LA. (2018) – Clinical Considerations in Treating BDSM Practitioners: A Review.

– Luo S,, Zhang X. (2018) – Empathy in female submissive BDSM practitioners.

– Luo S., Zhang X. (2018) – Embodiment and Humiliation Moderation of Neural Responses to Others’ Suffering in Female Submissive BDSM Practitioners

– Wright S. (2018) – De-Pathologization of Consensual BDSM

РCarlström, C. (2018) РBDSM, becoming and the flows of desire

– Cardoso D. (2018) – Bodies and BDSM: Redefining Sex Through Kinky Erotics

– Sagarin B.J., Lee E.M., Erickson J.M. Casey K.G., Pawirosetiko J.S. (2018) – Collective Sex Environments Without the Sex? Insights from the BDSM Community

– Holt K. (2018) – An Exploration of the Experience of Harm in the Bondage/Discipline/Sadomasochism Community

– Marques da Silva V.L. (2018) – [Dissident sexualities: an outlook on identity narratives and lifestyle in cyberspace]

– Echterdiek F., Kitterer D., Schwenger V., Latus J. (2018) – Severe acute kidney injury due to violent sadomasochistic play


– De Neef N., Coppens V., Huys W., Morrens M. (2019) – Bondage-Discipline, Dominance-Submission and Sadomasochism (BDSM) From an Integrative Biopsychosocial Perspective: A Systematic Review.

– Botta D., Nimbi FM,, Tripodi F., Silvaggi M., Simonelli C. (2019) – Are Role and Gender Related to Sexual Function and Satisfaction in Men and Women Practicing BDSM?

– Dunkley CR., Brotto LA. (2019) – The Role of Consent in the Context of BDSM.

– Brown A., Barker ED., Rahman Q, (2019) – A Systematic Scoping Review of the Prevalence, Etiological, Psychological, and Interpersonal Factors Associated with BDSM.

– Dunkley C.R., Henshaw C.D., Henshaw S.K., Brotto L.A. (2019) – Physical Pain as Pleasure: A Theoretical Perspective

РRíos V., Amundaray A., Arenas Y. (2019) Р[Experiences of sexual practices associated with BDSM: the limits contemplated within the bounds of what is Healthy, Safe and Consensual]

– Mokros A., Wessels J., Hofmann M., Nitschke J. (2019) – Coercive Sexual Sadism: a Systematic Qualitative Review

– Thomas J.N (2019) – BDSM as trauma play: An autoethnographic investigation.


– Coppens V,, Ten Brink S,, Huys W,, Fransen E,, Morrens M. (2020) – A Survey on BDSM-related Activities: BDSM Experience Correlates with Age of First Exposure, Interest Profile, and Role Identity.

– Wuyts E. MD, De Neef N. MD, Coppens V., Fransen E. PhD, Schellens E., Van Der Pol M., Morrens M. PhD (2020) – Between Pleasure and Pain: A Pilot Study on the Biological Mechanisms Associated With BDSM Interactions in Dominants and Submissives

– Schuerwegen A., Huys W., Coppens V., De Neef N., Henckens J., Goethals K., Morrens M. (2020) – The Psychology of Kink: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study Investigating the Roles of Sensation Seeking and Coping Style in BDSM-Related Interests

РBauer K., Schön C.A., Jackowski C. (2020) РFatal strangulation during consensual BDSM activity: three case reports

– Labrecque F., Potz A., Larouche √Č., Joyal C.C. (2020) – What Is So Appealing About Being Spanked, Flogged, Dominated, or Restrained? Answers from Practitioners of Sexual Masochism/Submission

– Schuerwegen A., De Zeeuw I., Huys W., Henckens J., Goethals K., Morrens M. (2020) – A Survey Study Investigating Stigma towards BDSM in the General Population and Self-Stigmatization among BDSM Practitioners 

РMoser C., Kleinplatz P.J. (2020) РConceptualization, History, and Future of the Paraphilias. 

– Carlstr√∂m C. (2020) – Spiritual experiences and altered states of consciousness ‚Äď Parallels between BDSM and Christianity¬†


– Slootmans D. (2021) – Onderhande(le)n, een mixed methods onderzoek naar consent in een BDSM-context – Masterproef KU Leuven Faculteit Geneeskunde Departement Neurowetenschappen 

– Praet K. (2021) – Kwalitatief onderzoek naar de beleving van BDSM en de eventuele link tussen het praktiseren van BDSM in het heden en het verleden – Masterproef Universiteit Gent Master of Science in de klinische psychologie

Niet beschikbaar zonder inlogprocedure

– Saimima S. (2021) – Fixed BDSM Practices in the View of Islamic Psychology 1


– Ippel L. (2022) – BDSM: de dominerende macht van de strafwet. Naar een adequate regeling voor BDSM – Masterproef Universiteit Gent Faculteit Recht en Criminologie

– Wuyts E., Morrens, M. (2022) – The Biology of BDSM: A Systematic Review ; in The Journal of Sexual Medicine, Volume 19, Issue 1, January 2022, pages 144-157


– Schuerwegen A., Huys W., Wuyts E., Goethals K., Coppens V., Tarleton H., Davis J.M., Sagarin B., Morrens M. (2023) – BDSM in North America, Europe, and Oceania: A Large-Scale International Survey Gauging BDSM Interests and Activities.